The basic structure of 1973 constitution
Basic structure of the 1973 constitution is federal which means that Pakistan will be a federation with four federating units (provinces) i.e, Sindh, Punjab, KPK and Balochistan.
Further the constitution gives parliamentary system of governance to the state with independent judiciary. The constitution and it's democratic structure further safeguards the social status of it's subjects (people). After all the features above mentioned the constitution further gives an Islamic touch to the state with some Islamic features which include;
- Islam shall be the state religon.
- Defination of Muslim; that a person who believes in Tauheed or oneness of Allah and the prophet hood of Hazrat Muhammad (SAWW) as last prophet of Allah has been described as Muslim.
- Ahmadi's were declared non Muslims.
- Islamic way of life.
- Composition of Islamic Council
- That the president can amend constitution and provide for a provision that was missing, but he cannot alter the basic structure of constitution.
- And that even if president wants and is of the view that the federal system should be abolished and hence the unitary system be brought, he will have no powers to convert the federation into unitary system.
- That he cannot switch parliamentary system of government into the presidential system of government.
- That he cannot influence the judiciary, and judiciary will be independent.
- That he cannot encroach on social status of people.